[189], Due to fortification of LoC in Kashmir and difficult terrains in Northern Punjab, the Army created the Pakistan Army Reserves in the 1990s that is concentrated in desert terrain of Sindh-Rajasthan sector, The Army Reserve South of the Pakistan Army Reserves is grouped in several powerful field-level corps and designed to provide a defensive maneuvers in case of war with the Indian Army. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kuwait also have been important sources of financial support.[84]. [89] In December 1971, the 33rd infantry division was established from the army reserves of the II Corps, followed by raising the 37th Infantry Division. Pakistan President Zia-ul-Haq's military administration policy reflected extremist views towards the Shiites and caused religious tensions to rise between Sunni and Shiites in Pakistan, much to the discomfort of Iran. Beyond that their own position starts getting undermined because the military is after all a mirror image of the civil society from which it is drawn. :60[43], As early as 1953, the Pakistan Army became involved in the national politics in a view of restoring the law and order situation when Governor-General Malik Ghulam, with approval from Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin, dismissed the popularly-mandated state government of Chief Minister Mumtaz Daultana in Punjab in Pakistan, and declared martial law under Lt-Gen. Azam Khan and Col. Rahimuddin Khan who successfully quelled the religious agitation in Lahore. Home win rate is 50%. [citation needed] Two-star rank officers are usually appointed to command the paramilitary forces. [135][136] Army General Zubair Mahmood Hayat is the current chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. [158] Pakistan Army has a separate cadet course for women which is known as 'Lady Cadet Course', female cadets are in trained in Pakistan Military Academy. [155] The Pakistani military has a largest shares in the PSX and has financial stakes in commercial banking, airlines, steel businesses, cement, telecoms, petroleum and energy, education, sports, health care and even chains of grocery shops and bakeries.[194]. :55[37] In 1948, the British army officers in the Pakistan Army established and raised the 10th, 12th, and the 14th infantry divisions— with the 14th being established in East Bengal. ", "COVER STORY: The Army & Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan", "General Mian Usama takes charge as Pakistan's 16th army chief", "Gen Bajwa assumes command as Pakistan's 16th army chief", "[Chapter 2. [197] Besides relief activities in the country, the Pakistan Army has also engaged in other parts of the world such as coordinating and leading the relief efforts in Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka after these countries were affected by the underwater earthquake that resulted in tsunami in 2004. [12], The Pakistan Army's primary objective and constitutional mission is to ensure the national security and national unity of Pakistan by defending it against external aggression or the threat of war. [70][71], When India proved reluctant to supply Sri Lanka with weapons, the insurgency-plagued island nation turned to Pakistan. :417[35] It was Lt-Gen. Douglas Gracey who reportedly disobeyed the direct orders from Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Governor-General of Pakistan, for the deployment of the army units and ultimately issued standing orders that refrained the units of Pakistan Army to further participate in the conflict. The Military budget of India for the year 2014 was $45 Billion whereas for Pakistan it was $8 Billion. [76][77][better source needed], However, most neutral assessments agree that India had the upper hand over Pakistan when ceasefire was declared,[78][79][80][81][82] but the propaganda in Pakistan about the war continued in favor of Pakistan Army. 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