Saving rain water / Making Swales / Water irrigation in the tropics / Growing food in Asia - Duration: 7:37. As a final word on soils and their water-harvesting potential, what is on top of the surface of the soil matters as much as the type of soil. If so, then this article will introduce some techniques for making these wishes a reality. Don’t forget this permaculture principle – the least effort expended for the greatest result. Based on extensive observation of natural waterways, we … He believes that humans function best when interdependent – able to take good care of themselves so that they can be generous and giving to others. Tags. If you’re not sure what kind you have, try picking some up and splashing a small amount of water on to it. Welcome to our podcast about making an ecological impact. Episode Topic: Permaculture - Water Harvesting Techniques Join Joey D'Elia and Tall Paul for their weekly discussion about Going Green and creating sustainable systems utilizing Permaculture. Their vision “is to strengthen community through the continued intergenerational practices of traditional Hopi farming and gardening, rainwater harvesting and spring restoration, natural building, and orchard-keeping while applying applicable Permaculture principles, methods, and techniques.” He has gardened in three different climate types – Mediterranean, Cold Temperate, and Humid Subtropical. What makes our project possible in Sintra, Portugal: Terra Alta, our source that is a horizontal well shaft that may date back to the Moors. When other methods may be better designed for your site than a swale. It consists of a method of working arid and semi-arid land to bring life back and restore the degraded soil. Trincheras are gathered rock check dams to restore drylands and rainwater harvesting. If every household did this simple trick, the water savings would amount to millions of gallons each week. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. As a source of standing water, it is definitely beneficial to keep ponds clean. Recycling gray water is an essential part of any permaculture design. The rocks are meant to be stacked on top until there is a fairly flat surface to walk across, so that the entire ditch is filled in. While using the natural pattern and ecology this method will restore and increase the quality and fertility of the soil. Many choose to apply the principles … Together they will bring decades of experience in reading landscapes and implementing rainwater, greywater and many other water harvesting systems. In many areas, rainfall is free water provided by nature. For reinforcement, it is recommended that you turn the platform over and lash more thick rods one way across the platform – because the platform will be heavy once it has soil on it. Join Permaculture designers Don Titmus & Greg Peterson for an eye-opening course delving into the benefits and various methods of water harvesting as a way to improve your yard and community. They are relatively easy to feed. The chinampa is now ready for planting! Hi, Have been doing a lot of research lately, trying to get my head around what are some of the best ways to start collecting rainwater. Clay soils are at a higher risk for landslides than sand soils. At this point, you may want to consider terracing instead. See more ideas about Permaculture gardening, Permaculture, Permaculture design. This can cause it to attract insects and pathogens. June is the wettest month, receiving 4.33 inches of rain, and I have a 120 square foot garden. Combining them in a single garden is a reliable way to make the best use of rain that falls on to the site. On Contour Swales. The property has been in constant permaculture development for over 16 years and features a wide range of demonstration in permaculture techniques and farming practices. You can also refer to this rainwater collection calculator to determine what size storage tank you need. Would you like to have a garden that is not only flood-proof, but drought-proof too, not to mention that it costs much less to irrigate? That berm is now uniquely placed to receive plenty of water, and is a good place to grow plants with long roots, trees, or grasses that prevent erosion and contribute to the production of the landscape if useful plants are grown. The 8 Principles of Rainwater Harvesting 1. The platforms are best built by weaving straight, even-length, thin branches with twine until you have a square-shaped platform. If you have been using the techniques described in this article, you may find that you have more water than you know what to do with! The ‘ideal’ type of soil to have for plant growth is loam, which is a mixture of 40% clay, 40% silt (medium-sized soil particles that tend to be found near rivers), and 20% clay. This checklist is a brief description of each method. Having fish, turtles, frogs, water lilies, and water lettuce plants in the pond helps this ecosystem develop. The classical Permaculture advice for water follows the 3 S’s – slow, sink, spread. The Best Rainwater Harvesting Techniques? Firstly, we want your water moving across land as slowly as possible. In permaculture design, function is more important than form. The Homesteading Hippy is a participant in the Amazon Services L.L.C. While in operation, the kindergarten will teach children permaculture principles from the basics of soil and plant care to water harvesting techniques. Michelle is the co-author of Essential Rainwater Harvesting and co-founder of Verge Permaculture, a globally-recognized and award-winning design, consulting, and education hub offering online and real-time programs to design and/or create integrated, regenerative systems for shelter, energy, water… This quote really resonates with rainwater harvesting, water recycling, and Permaculture practices. An additional key concept of Yeomans Keyline Farming and water harvesting techniques is that passive water harvesting is carried out in many ways on contour. Do you know of any other ways to harvest water inexpensively? Firstly, by using natural techniques such as rainwater harvesting, guild planting, forest farming, micro-animal husbandry, sheet mulching, and land contouring, the soil manages to stay at a healthy level. Chinampas are a traditional Aztec style of gardening. Permaculture and organic gardening (or landscaping) have some similarities, but there are also some key differences between the two. When water slows, it percolates into the ground and recharges our aquifers, it keeps nutrients in place, and feeds our plants. Yeoman A classic text for large-scale water storage in ponds, swales, and catchments. Theory discussed includes soil science, mathematical formula for calculating water storage, and some knowledge of construction and earthworks. The plants that would grow would suck up water through capillary action. The wonderful benefits of encouraging predators to live near and in your pond is that they eat some pest species that frequent your garden. The first edition of Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond Volume 1 was a groundswell for my life. We want to do the opposite, which is to slow water down. Posts: 5. posted 2 years ago . There are numerous examples and plans for rainwater catchment systems online, like this one at Rainwater Harvesting. One way that gardeners take advantage of such water flow is to build a mound called a hügelkultur mound, from the German phrase ‘hill culture’. “Vallerani System” (VS) is a new approach to technical and socio-economic integrated management of human and natural resources. A good web site to research average monthly rainfall for your area is https://weatherspark.com. It is recommended to build swales on slopes of a gradient between 10% and 30%. Mulched soils not only slow the speed of water flow, but they also lose much less water to evaporation, so mulching as a technique is highly recommended for water-wise gardens. There is a fairly simple formula to determine how much water your site will receive. Join Permaculture Designers Don Titmus & Greg Peterson for an eye-opening course delving into the benefits and various methods of water harvesting as a way to improve your yard and community. Dr. Robert Dixon has been experimenting and having great success with a simple way to fast-track the revegetation of barren lands since 1976 — with a technique called ‘Imprinting’. He first achieved his PDC in South Africa in 2013, and has since traveled to the world’s prototypical intentional community and ecovillage, Findhorn Foundation in Scotland. Rainwater Harvesting: 8 Methods - World Permaculture Association A rainwater harvesting checklist for Large and Small Agriculture. It is likely you will want a concrete platform to stand your barrel on. The best way to do this naturally is to encourage an ecosystem to bloom within. Rainwater Harvesting Locally. It allowed me to take my practice of Permaculture into the world of water systems. If your garden is set up in accordance with Permaculture principles, you may well find that your garden stores more water than a tank ever could, and this has the added benefit of increasing groundwater resources in your local area! My overall goal is to actually be able to use the collected water for general household use (for showers and sinks and so forth), but am still unclear about how to keep a larger cistern/tank clean without having to drain it and climb in and clean it regularly. We’d love to read about them below! The systems never needed to be watered, either. Gabion method is a larger scale of Trinchera. One disadvantage of French drains is that many city governments in the United States require permits to install them, because of regulations around redirecting sedimented water into storm drains. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. First we want to slow, spread, and sink water as it falls from the sky into the soil. An excellent primer for dry-lands water harvesting that includes principles and examples concerning the subject. Together they will bring decades of experience in implementing rainwater, greywater and other water harvesting systems. If there are fish in the water, the plants gain extra fertilization through fish manure. An On contour swale is a Permaculture rainwater harvesting design that keeps everything on a level. A Prime directive of Permaculture: make sure the water that flows off your site is cleaner than when it came in. Permaculture Principles by David Holmgren, Water Purifiyng Systems Can Save Your Life, Vallerani System To Fight Desertification, Imprinting: A Rainwater Harvesting Technology. Water-Farming Part 2: Practical Ways to Harvest Your Sky-Fruits In Part 1 of this article (1), I went over the importance of incorporating water and water flow into any… Read More » Once your water storage is ready, you need to develop and expand upon the methods of harvesting the water. It covers the function, design, and construction methods for nine main types of water harvesting earthworks across a full range of climates. “In many cases, it’s not a water shortage problem, it’s a water allocation problem”. Before we dive into the methods of erosion control that we can use, it is very important to address the foundation of effective Permaculture Design, which is observation. Laikipia is a place in Kenya and also an institute that emphasizes permaculture, land regeneration, water harvesting, soil fertility, and methods of controlling soil erosion and integrated farming. The Charter of the Forest makes extended use of permaculture ideals and references permaculture techniques such as forest gardening as they are related to the philosophy of anarchism. On each side of the square, a thicker branch can be chosen to be the border of the platform, and then lashed together at the corners. Water-Farming Part 2: Practical Ways to Harvest Your Sky-Fruits In Part 1 of this article (1), I went over the importance of incorporating water and water flow into any… Read More » So, for the month of June, I can expect about 324 gallons of rainwater to fall on my garden, or about 75 gallons per week in June. Depending on what you’re looking to grow, you can look up your plant online and see whether it prefers well-drained (sandy) or water-retaining (clay) soils. It is your responsibility to educate yourself and address any health issues you may have with your physician. The Permaculture Association is a company (05908919) and registered charity (1116699 and SC041695) While berms and swales on contour may be thought of as a farm-based undertaking, smaller berms and swales can be beneficial at a garden scale, too. Another strategy to maximize water efficiency is rainwater harvesting. Simply put, surface water flows downhill from the highest part of your land (the watershed) to the lowest parts in all directions, and follows the path of least resistance as decided by gravity. If you live in a rainy climate, you will naturally prefer to plant water-loving plants that have evolved to grow in wetland areas – think bamboo, watercress, lilies, and swamp sunflowers. For the algebraically minded, this could read, where V = volume, g = rain gauge average, and a = area. In the previous paragraph, you learned a way to calculate water yields for a garden plot. Key Line Design uses the form and shape of the land to determine the layout and position of farm dams, irrigation areas, roads, fences, farm buildings and tree lines. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Seven different methods to harvest rainwater on a large scale. Rather, we want a landscape that spreads our water around for us, using gravity to do as much of the work as possible. There are different types of harvesting methods within Permaculture because of each piece of land has ecological elements you have to work within (not against)! As an agronomist and farmer, I have personally used swales as well as keyline. Their vision “is to strengthen community through the continued intergenerational practices of traditional Hopi farming and gardening, rainwater harvesting and spring restoration, natural building, and orchard-keeping while applying applicable Permaculture principles, methods, and techniques.” Longer dry seasons merit larger barrels. That way, you won’t pay any extra costs when you want to use the water. https://worldpermacultureassociation.com/rainwater-harvesting-8-methods Terraces are labor-intensive to build, but can look more aesthetically pleasing than swales. … However, if you live in a water-stressed area, experience large variation in rainfall months, or have need of extra water for irrigation, then a rain barrel can be a welcome addition to a water-wise garden. It is not intended to prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. While this formula won’t give you an exact figure due to microclimates, local variation, and deviation from average rainfalls, it will get you close to your total rainwater yield on your plot. The latest news on permaculture design, gardening, sustainability , homesteading, holistic systems Design. Mobbs system overcame any of the potential pollutants that harvesting water in the city may bring with a ‘first flush’ device, which diverts the first 6-10 L of dirty rainwater away before harvesting the following clean rainwater into the tank. All rights reserved. The final technique we will be discussing works best in a wetland area with water that stands year-round. Mobbs system overcame any of the potential pollutants that harvesting water in the city may bring with a ‘first flush’ device, which diverts the first 6-10 L of dirty rainwater away before harvesting the following clean rainwater into the tank. When water speeds up, it tends to gather sediment and nutrients along with it, and then these nutrients leave your site, wasting the money and energy you spent placing them there in the first place. Water harvesting Water harvesting is the art of directing water through terraces, seasonal rain gardens and ponds, water-infiltration swales, slow moving waterways, and dry creeks to slow it, spread and sink it. If you're looking for a general overview of the various methods that permaculture offers for conserving water and harvesting rainwater, check out Toby Hemenway's online training about Water Conservation. In contrast, the wet system refers to the collection pipes being constantly full of water. When the water is on a level than rainwater will all be absorbed evenly. It is perhaps one of the greatest resources to get you started with rainwater harvesting. By this point, water from your barrel should be safe to use for irrigation, filling ponds, bathing, showering, and washing your hands. A good rule of thumb for this is to store 1.5x as much water as you’ll use during an average dry season. A really good friend of mine John D. Liu filmed a legendary documentary on water retention landscapes. He is also the co-creator of Permamindfulness® https://www.giuseppetallarico.com. Murray Gray . Types of Swales. Sep 6, 2019 - Explore Peter's board "Hillside rainwater harvesting" on Pinterest. You can cultivate fish in your pond that you eat, too, such as tilapia, carp, catfish, and trout. Wet System. If it is sand, it will feel gritty and rough. Adolfo says: June 23, 2009 at 6:22 am . The collected water is then stored and utilized for multiple functions in the garden and home. If your land is quite steep, meaning having a gradient of between 30% to 50%, swales as described in the previous section are not your best solution, because even swales can flood in steep land. In Central Texas where I live, the yearly rainfall varies moderately by month. Throughout July, I will expect only 75 gallons of water to fall on my garden, about as much as one week in June. Berries, lovage or asparagus all work well to protect your soil and absorb excess water. He would like to gain experience in house-building, carpentry, and solar electricity installation. For the uninitiated, a swale is a ditch that, instead of draining water in a given direction, spreads it across its length and slowly allows the water to soak into the ground. Begin with Long and Thoughtful Observation If your soil is predominantly sand, you are not likely to have flood issues, but may struggle to retain water, because sand’s large particles let water through easily. While this approach does not slow water as effectively as swales, it is useful for moving water from one area of the site to another. There’s a lot more work to do managing water resources for the health of people and ecosystems. Except where otherwise noted and for all Guest Writers Posts and materials, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. These techniques have included roof catchment, ponds, hügelkultur, swales, berms, French drains, terraces, and chinampas. The water is then funneled or directed into the tanks. You can then decide if you want your rain barrel to be made of concrete or plastic. Patterns emerging. One advanced technique you can use on steep land is the French drain. For larger ponds, you can even consider starting a duck habitat. Hola Geoff,saludos, buscando literatura de … While the science of hydrology is complicated, there are simple principles to understand that will help you decide where to place any earthworks that you might decide to use. The art of installing rain barrels merits its own article, but here is a summary: You must decide roughly how much water you are looking to store first. You can also refer to this rainwater collection calculator to determine what size storage tank you need. Since the mass of rotting wood quickly absorbs and slowly releases water, and the stacked mound, when placed downstream of the watershed, gathers water, after a while, the gardener doesn’t need to water the hügelkultur mound any more. Instead, plant vegetables in groups on raised beds that follow a slope on a hill to eliminate run-off and erosion. Combining the words permanent and agriculture, permaculture aims to create a closed-loop system where food can be grown in an environment that works with nature rather than against it. It also means that we don’t have to water our plants as often, as the soil stays wet for longer. Specifically, and the one thing that I am most interested in, is how to filter the rainwater appropriately BEFORE it gets into the holding tanks. Please seek professional help when needed. Sustainable.com.au can provides useful information on how to best manage your water including sizing of your rainwater storage tanks and advice on Irrigation and Water Handling. Rainwater harvesting (or the storing of rainwater for reuse) before it reaches the aquifer can be used to provide drinking water, water for livestock or irrigation. Seeds were then placed into the soil. Giuseppe is an Accredited Instructor by the Permaculture Research Institute of Australia and a permaculture consultant for the government of Jordan. Geoff Lawton founding Director of the Permaculture Research Institute talks about Permaculture Water Harvesting techniques, swales and sillways. The gardeners wove platforms that would float on the surface of their lakes, and stacked soil on to their platforms. As above, this recharges aquifers, and can lead to stronger root systems of plants. That is swales, tree belts, dams and all aspects of the water harvesting system are designed on contour and crucially are caught and stored as high in the land (hills) as possible. Once reinforced, the platform can be righted and filled in with a mixture of fertile soil and compost. There will be two types of swales mentioned: On contour swales; Water-transporting swales (or diversion ditches). Unlike hard water, that adds calcium carbonate to crop plants, forming a coating on the roots/leaves. One good property of rainwater is that it is a soft form of water and does not impact plants negatively. If you already live in a high rainfall zone (or at least, a zone with moderate rainfall throughout the year), have some experience harvesting rainwater in the garden, or use a majority of the techniques covered in this article, you may not require the extra irrigation that a rain barrel can provide. Techniques of Rainwater Harvesting for small scale agriculture: Rain barrels: It is the easiest and affordable technique of rainwater harvesting, especially at home. Connect with the World Permaculture Association. It features many water harvesting techniques as well as Yeoman's scale of … Fast-moving water also causes soil erosion, which decreases soil fertility, causes damage to landscapes, and increases the carbon dioxide concentration of the atmosphere. Rainwater harvesting is a concept of permaculture in which as much rain as possible is caught by various design features and stored for future use. The techniques work to reduce nutrient pollution in the mighty riverways of this land too, a co-benefit of water harvesting and an environmental issue of incredible importance for the Mississippi River Basin. Common techniques include the use of earthworks, stacked plant material, animals, and the keyline plough to help create the edge for water to rest, spread itself and infiltrate. Doing this will help keep your water clean. An On contour swale is a Permaculture rainwater harvesting design that keeps everything on a level. Your email address will not be published. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr Pinterest Reddit VKontakte Share via Email Print. Michelle is the co-author of Essential Rainwater Harvesting and co-founder of Verge Permaculture, a globally-recognized and award-winning design, consulting, and education hub offering online and real-time programs to design and/or create integrated, regenerative systems for shelter, energy, water… Institute of Permaculture El Salvador – This permaculture movement is a grassroots organization of … This would be your first step to making your home, your garden, your farm more sustainable if you haven’t done so yet. There are two basic strategies of water conservation on a permaculture farm: storing water in the soil and the diversion of surface water to dams/ponds and tanks for later use; storing it on the surface. It’s informed and guided by the book Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond, one of Brad Lancaster’s approachable and inspiring works. It also tends to use permaculture issues as metaphorical … Once seedlings or seeds have been put in, the platform can be set to rest in its new home – your source of standing water, such as a pond. A pond is built by digging soil out of a low point in your garden, putting a sheet of plastic or tarp on the bottom of the hole to store water, and placing heavy rocks on top of the tarp when it is folded over your land. Water is always in continuous movement changing forms between solid, liquid, and vapor. The Permaculture Earthworks Handbook is the first dedicated, detailed guide to the proper design and construction of water harvesting earthworks. Finally, we want to spread water around the land. Rain Barrel System comes in two forms complex and simple. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. His favorite plants are tomatoes, chilies, and potatoes. Sep 6, 2019 - Explore Peter's board "Hillside rainwater harvesting" on Pinterest. 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Can look more aesthetically pleasing than swales the Technology age and make that change garden.... Terraces to fight against erosion, desertification, and trout and our authors contour swales ; Water-transporting (.