New world porcupines tend to have shorter quills which you could describe as barbs rather than spines Size Their body length can be up to 90 centimetres and can weigh up to 15 kilograms.. Location Cape porcupines are … The quills of a baby porcupine are soft and bendable and harden within a few days. The stomach contents comprised 6,47% of the body mass and had a low pH (2,0).The Cape porcupine also has a long small intestine (670 em). For example, the Cape porcupine has a long small intestine and large caecum (which connects the two intestines). These herbivorous (lignivorous) rodents mainly consume bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits and cultivated crops, complementing their diet with insects and small vertebrates. They will also take fruit and bark. In about 18 months, a female porcupine … It has been known to gnaw on bones and carrion too. Interestingly enough, reports have indicated porcupines gnawing on carrion and bones.Although this deviates from their herbivorous diet, it doesn’t change their dietary classification. In the wild their diet varies from twigs, berries, barks, leaves, roots, stem and other vegetation depending on the seasons and species of porcupines. This allows for an effective fermentation to break down the tough food materials. Diet & Predators of Prickly Porcupines . Diet: The Cape Porcupine is a herbivore. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with many spines or … In the wild: When cornered by a predator, the Cape Porcupine becomes aggressive, running backwards or sideways in an attempt to spear its attacker with its quills. Porcupine scat can be variable, but it often looks like pellets — think thicker, more elongated deer scat. It also rattles the short quills on its tail. The digestive capabilities of the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) were studied using captive and field animals. Characteristics. Cape porcupine. I have found porcupine toilets that have a pile of pellets that have lots of pine needles in them. They usually cover the porcupine’s body, sometimes even being around their face. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). When rubbed against each other, they produce a discouraging, rattling sound. You can refer the Rodent TAG Porcupine Care Manual for more information on developing a diet for your pet. If the predator still approaches, the porcupine will turn its posterior and ram its spines into the predator. I have seen other porcupine … Diet: In addition to tubers, roots, shoots, fruit and insects, they also gnaw on bones. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as … It eats fruit, roots, bulbs and other plant material. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. Cape porcupines are herbivores and their diet includes leaves, twigs, bark, fruit, berries, farm crops, tree roots, tubers and bulbs. Porcupine babies are called porcupettes and are thankfully not born with sharp quills! The size of the spikes can depend on the porcupine’s species with one of the largest belonging to the African Crested Porcupine as stated by National Geographic. You may feed your pet porcupine twice a day, but it is important that you feed them on a regular basis at the specified time. Diet - Omnivorous Cape porcupines eat mainly roots, tubers and bulbs. Diet and Nutrition. Cape porcupines seem to be [clarification needed] the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. Breeding. Adult African Crested Porcupine. 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