Nara Period Literature During the early years of Japanese literature, the government had all of the control. Early literary works were usually didactic in approach and had an underlying (or often overt) religious purpose such as in the Sumerian Enuma Elish of 1120 BCE or the Theogony of the Greek writer Hesiod of the 8th century BCE. Even so, there was a value placed on accuracy in recording actual events (as ancient criticism of the historian Herodotus’ accounts of events shows). The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Ancient Sanskrit literature: A number of literary works have been written just prior to the beginning of Gupta age which had secular character. THE CLASSICAL PERIOD (1200 BCE - 455 CE) The subject of these works were majorly political events, allegories, comedies, romances, and philosophical questions. The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, beginning with the Sumerian cuneiform script, with the oldest coherent texts from about 2600 BC. Homer’s Iliad recounts the famous ten-year war between the Greeks and the Trojans while his Odyssey tells of the great hero Odysseus’s journey back home after the war to his beloved wife Penelope of Ithaca and this, like the other works mentioned, reinforced cultural values without a concern for what may or may not have happened concerning the war with Troy. Prepared for English 2332 ; Central Texas College ; Dr. Brenda Cornell; 2 B. C. E. (Before Common Era) 7000-2000. Related Content In the same way the descriptions of the passages found in the Vedas forms the basis of the ancient literature of Hinduism. Egyptian religious culture was based on the reality of an afterlife and the role the gods played in one's eternal journey, of which one's life on earth was only one part. It is a vacuous exercise to pick and choose which atrocities were really ordained by any gods and which were not. The Sumerians: Their History, Culture, and Character, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. They introduce us to a period of transformation in the social and religious institutions of the Vedic age . Ancient History Encyclopedia. The very idea of according a work of the imagination of an individual with any degree of respect would never have occurred to anyone of the ancient world. The first author of literature in the world, known by name, was the high-priestess of Ur, Enheduanna (2285-2250 BCE) who wrote hymns in praise of the Sumerian goddess Inanna. The first dynasty for which there is historical record and archaeological evidence is the Shang Dynasty. Books In the Western tradition, the early periods of literary history are roughly as follows below: A. Whether what happened in the tale of Gilgamesh 'actually happened’ was immaterial to the writer and to the listener. The broad term "ancient history" is … The purpose of Naru Literature, however, was not to relate what `really' happened but to emphasize a moral, cultural, and religious point. August Nitschke sees some fairy tales as literary survivals dating back to Ice Age and Stone Age narrators. Ancient Greek Literature . The names of several kings and heroes who later appear as semihistorical figures in Persian epic poetry are also here mentioned; the myths to which these texts refer were well known to the original audience but are now lost. This literature included the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle and the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides. EARLY PERIODS OF LITERATURE These periods are spans of time in which literature shared intellectual, linguistic, religious, and artistic influences. Literature. Greek literature had risen from the oral tradition of Homer and Hesiod through the plays of Sophocles and Aristophanes and now lay on the tables of Roman citizens and authors. (2009, September 02). The world's first manual on training horses is written by the, Extensive collection of clay tablets acquired known as, The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in, Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The best example of this is a genre known as Mesopotamian Naru Literature in which historical figures feature in fictional plots. Title: World Literature Timeline: The Ancient Period 1 World Literature Timeline The Ancient Period. The earliest written literature dates from about 2600 BCE (classical Sumerian). [3] 7000-1500 Farming communities mother goddesses were worshipped weaving and metallurgy were some of the early art forms practiced. In practice, classical literature generally refers to the literature of Ancient Greece and the Golden and Silver Ages of Rome, although there are also classical literary traditions in many other ancient civilizations. Centuries of poetry and prose have come down through the generations, in… Ancient Egyptian literature is characterized by a wide diversity of types and subject matter; it dates from the Old Kingdom (c. 2755-2255 BC) into the Greco-Roman period (after 332 BC). The issue of perspective is intrinsic to historiography. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The two great Epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were compiled. 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